Register domain name
Domain name is the address that users will enter in their web browser (like
Internet Explorer or Netscape) to access your web site. ".com"
extension (called TLD, top-level domains) is most common for commercial web
sites. Non-profit organizations might prefer using .org, universities usually
use .edu, government sites use .gov. ICANN (organization responsible for such
matters) approved new TLDs in November 2000, including .biz, .info, .name,
.museum, .coop, .areo, and .pro. Rules for registering domains with those TLDs
vary, see http://www.internic.net/faqs/new-tlds.html for more
info. Other domains like .tv are also available - most commonly they were
originally assigned to small countries or provinces and subsequently sold to
companies that offer them to everybody.
Many web hosts will register a domain name for you if you choose this option
when opening an account. However, we recommend doing it separately before
opening a hosting account because hosts usually don't have most competitive
rates and because if you decide to move your site to another host, you will
already be familiar with domain name administration and you will have full
control over it.
The original and still biggest domain name registrar is VeriSign. This company
held a monopoly over domain name registrations until several years ago. VeriSign
still operates .com registry services and other registrars have to pay it a fee
for every domain registered. We recommend registering your domain name with
cheaper registrars that charge for less than $10/yr.
The minimum period for which a domain name can be registered is 1 year. You
need to make sure to renew a domain name before it expires, or you may lose it
If you don't yet have a web site but there is a domain name that you want now,
you can register it and use domain parking which is a cheap way to display an
"Under Construction" message.
You should know that the name, street address, e-mail address, and phone number
that you use when registering a domain name will be publicly viewable by anybody
that performs a so-called Whois lookup on this domain name. You should expect to
receive spam at this email address.
Unfortunately, you will find out that most common words and sentences for domain
names are already in use, especially in the .com space. However, most choices
are still available with new TLDs. You will have to be creative or use a domain
name generator to come up with a good name. You need to make sure that your
domain name doesn't contain any trademarked phrases or you could lose it to the
company that holds such a trademark later on (rulings usually go in favor of
If you really want some specific domain name that is already in use, you could
try to offer to buy it from its current holder. If this domain name has expired
or it might expire soon, there are services that will try to grab it before
anybody else has a chance to do it.
Once you register a domain name, you will be able to modify its name servers.
Those are addresses that associate this domain name with your web hosting
account. Once you open a hosting account, you will need to modify those name
servers to match the names that your new host will provide. Information about
what name servers to use will usually be included in the welcome email you get
when opening an account or it will displayed on the host's web site. Once your
hosting account is activated and you modify the name servers, it will take
around 24-48 hours for the changes to propagate across the Internet. Once this
happens, your new web site will be accessible by using your domain name. You
will usually be able to upload and access your web site even before the name
server changes are propagated by using the control panel or just the IP address
that your host will provide.